The first stage of LOFAR project will build the
stations within a compact area with a diameter of 2 Km length
called "The Core" and the installation of 32 remote
stations. Every remote station will be equipped with about 100
antennas operating in the low band (30-80 MHz) and about 100
in high band (120-240 MHz). Furthermore 13 three-axis vibration
sensors (geophones) will be placed 10m below the surface to
get below the ground-water level; three microbarometers (for
infrasound detection) and several auxiliary systems, e.g. for
weather monitoring and GPS time/position measurements, will
be installed too.
On the whole, for radio astronomical applications,
in the 'Core' area about 3200 antennas will be operative in
both the low and high LOFAR bands. Some selected stations will
be provided also with sensors for agricolture applications.
The remote stations will have an effective area of about 1600
m2 at 30 MHz and 260 m2 at 75 MHz as regards the low band antennas,
whereas there will be about 1600 m2 at 120 MHz and 600 m2 at
200 MHz for the high band antennas.